Changing virtual machine resources
You can change amount of CPU and RAM resources used by a virtual machine by applying another flavor to it. To be able to resize a running VM, you need to enable CPU and RAM hot plug for it first. You can change the hot plug settings for both new and existing VMs.
A running virtual machine has a resize limit, which defines the maximum number of vCPUs and the maximum amount of RAM you can allocate to the VM. The resize limit on vCPUs is static and equal to 64 for all VMs. The resize limit on RAM, on the contrary, is dynamic and depends on the amount of RAM a running VM is currently using. This limit is updated on a VM startup, and its values are listed in the table below.
|Current RAM size, in GiB||RAM size limit, in GiB|
For example, you can resize a running VM with a flavor that has 16 GiB to a flavor with 256 GiB in two iterations:
- Resize the VM to a flavor with 64 GiB.
- Restart the VM to update the RAM size limit.
- Resize the VM to a flavor with 256 GiB.
- You cannot change the flavor for shelved VMs. To resize such a VM, unshelve it first.
- You cannot decrease the number of CPUs and the amount of RAM for running VMs.
[For all Linux guests] If a VM has no guest tools installed, new cores may be offline after CPU hot plugging
You can verify which CPU cores are online by using the command:
# cat /sys/devices/system/cpu/online
To activate offline CPU cores, run:
# echo 1 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu<cpu_number>/online
- Before changing a flavor, ensure that the node hosting the VM has at least as much free CPU and RAM resources as the new VM size. For example, to resize a VM to the large flavor, the host must have at least 4 vCPUs and 8 GiB of RAM free.
- Before resizing a running VM, ensure that the guest operating system supports CPU and RAM hot plug (refer to Supported guest operating systems). Note that otherwise the guest operating system may become unstable after a resize. To increase CPU or RAM resources for such a guest operating system, you need to stop the virtual machine first.
- Before resizing a running VM, ensure that the guest operating system has the latest updates installed.
To enable or disable CPU and RAM hot plug for a virtual machine
- On the Compute > Virtual machines > Virtual machines screen, ensure that the required virtual machine in the "Shut down" state, and then click it.
On the Overview tab, click the pencil icon in the CPU and RAM hot plug field.
- Select or clear the Enable hot plug check box, and then click the tick icon to save the changes.
With CPU and RAM hot plug enabled, you can change the flavor of a running VM.
To change the virtual machine flavor
- On the Compute > Virtual machines > Virtual machines screen, click the required virtual machine.
- On the Overview tab, click the pencil icon in the Flavor field.
- In the Flavor window, select a new flavor, and then click Done.