Migrating virtual machines to Virtuozzo Hybrid Infrastructure online


  • You can migrate VMs created on vCenter 5.0 or newer.


To migrate a VM from VMware vCenter online

  1. Log in to the appliance VM as the admin user with the SSH key.
  2. Get root privileges, for example, with sudo -i.
  3. Set OpenStack credentials:

    # source user-openrc.sh
  4. Test the connection between libvirt and VMware vCenter. For example:

    # virsh -c 'vpx://<domain>%5c<user>@<hostname>?no_verify=1' list --all
    Enter root's password for vcenter.example.com: ***
    | Id | Name         | <...>    |
    | -  | Fedora 20    | <...>    |
    | -  | Windows 2008 | <...>    |

    Where <hostname> is the name of the VMware ESXi host that runs virtual machines. Its full path looks like <vCenter_hostname>/<datacenter_name>/<cluster_name>/<server_hostname> and can be found in VMware vCenter.

    If the VPX username contains a backslash (for example, <domain>\<user>), escape it with %5c: <domain>%5c<user>. Similarly, escape spaces with %20.

  5. Check the OpenStack connection and find out the virt-v2v appliance ID. For example:

    # openstack --insecure server list
    | ID                                   | Name               | Status | <...> |
    | 635ae4cc-4c01-461a-ae63-91ca4187a7b1 | virt-v2v-appliance | ACTIVE | <...> |
  6. Shut down the VM. Windows VMs must be shut down gracefully for the migration to be successful.
  7. Migrate the VM to a volume in Virtuozzo Hybrid Infrastructure specifying a storage policy. To list available storage policies, run vinfra service compute storage-policy list in Virtuozzo Hybrid Infrastructure. For example:

    # virt-v2v -ip password.txt -ic 'vpx://<domain>%5c<user>@<hostname>\
    ?no_verify=1' 'Windows 2008' -o openstack -oo server-id=635ae4cc-\
    4c01-461a-ae63-91ca4187a7b1 -os <policy_name>

    Where <policy_name> is the storage policy for the converted volume.

  8. Find out the new volume’s ID or name. For example:

    # openstack --insecure volume list
    | ID                  | Name | Status    | Size | Attached to |
    | 024b6843-2de3-<...> | sda1 | available |   64 |             |
  9. If the VM used UEFI firmware, manually set the correct OS distribution and UEFI firmware type for the converted volume. To list available distributions, run vinfra service compute show in Virtuozzo Hybrid Infrastructure. For example:

    # openstack --insecure volume set sda1 --image-property os_distro=win2k8
    # openstack --insecure volume set sda1 --image-property hw_firmware_type=uefi
  10. In Virtuozzo Hybrid Infrastructure, create a virtual machine based on the new volume. For example:

    # vinfra service compute server create migratedvm --network id=private \
    --network id=public --volume source=volume,id=sda1,size=64 --flavor medium

After the migration, it is recommended to install the guest tools inside the VM. The guest tools installation will prevent possible problems with guest OS interaction via the VNC console.